The social and political institutions began with the ‘Lov’, or in the meeting of immediate relatives that lived in a group of neighbouring huts. In these meetings, only strictly familial issues were discussed...” (Encina). The Mapuches, who were farmers and ranchers, dedicated themselves mainly to the cultivation of beans, broad beans, quinoa, and chilli; they used alpacas and llamas as the basis of their livestock. In this society of strong traditions, the woman held a predominant role, working in the field, weaving ponchos, blankets, and clothing, along with carrying out domestic tasks. Meanwhile, the man practised martial arts. A deeply religious people, with great veneration they observed worship and the social norms that made up their code of conduct.